Clinical Neuropsychological assessments are comprehensive and involve a holistic extensive assessment that takes into account each individual’s personal history along with psychological and cognitive processes in order to provide detailed reports. A comprehensive Clinical Neuropsychological assessment takes several hours to complete when including a comprehensive report.

Clinical neuropsychologists are experts in the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders associated with brain conditions. These include neurological, medical and psychiatric conditions, developmental disorders and learning disabilities.

Neuropsychological assessment can help with diagnosis and treatment planning, and can be used to establish a baseline for future comparison.

Neuropsychologists use assessment results to help patients, families, teachers, employers and others by providing them with feedback, understanding and support, and by enabling them to develop realistic expectations through education, recommendations and advice.

Clinical neuropsychologists play important roles in medicine, including pediatrics, rehabilitation, neurosciences, psychiatry and aged care, and also in medico-legal evaluations.

Neuropsychological assessment

This is designed specifically for the needs of individual clients, taking into account their unique psychological needs and personalities. Treatments use a holistic framework where cognitive, emotional, motivational and non-cognitive functions are addressed, integrating learning theory, cognitive psychology and neuropsychology.

Neuropsychological assessments can range from a few short sessions to multiple, extended sessions.

Areas of expertise

Clinical neuropsychologists provide assessments and treatment recommendations for people experiencing difficulties with memory, learning, attention, language, reading, problem-solving, decision-making or other aspects of behaviour and thinking abilities.

Neuropsychologists also provide treatment that may employ cognitive, educational, behavioural or psychosocial methods.

Skills of clinical neuropsychologists

Clinical neuropsychologists have advanced skills in the assessment, diagnosis and treatment planning of a range of disorders and contexts across the lifespan.

Neuropsychologists are trained to understand the cognitive, emotional and behavioural effects of a wide range of conditions, including:

  • Developmental
  • Degenerative
  • Demyelinating
  • Vascular
  • Immunological
  • Drug/alcohol
  • Epileptic
  • Cortical dysplasia
  • Psychiatric
  • Traumatic

Clinical neuropsychologists’ skills are underpinned by knowledge of brain structure, function and dysfunction, and the effects of multiple factors on cognitive, behavioural and emotional functioning.


Members of the APS College of Clinical Neuropsychologists (CCN) have completed expert training and supervised practice in clinical neuropsychology. College Members and Academic Members are required to undertake regular professional development activities in the area of clinical neuropsychology to maintain their skills and stay up to date in their field.

Please note, services involving neuropsychological testing are currently not subsidised by Medicare, however, for some people there are sources within the community from which funding may be obtained to assist with the cost.

Neuropsychologists can provide general counselling (see Focused Psychological Strategies) for which the fee is subsidised by a Medicare rebate if a valid referral is provided under a GP Mental Health Plan, or a referral from a Psychiatrist or Paediatrician. These sessions can be particularly valuable for people with a brain impairment and associated mental health problem and there is a partial Medicare rebate available for this service.